Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms, including humans. Toxicologists investigate the mechanisms of toxic effects, evaluate the risks and benefits of chemical exposures, and develop strategies to minimize harmful effects. There are two categories of toxicologists: medical (MD) toxicologists and PhD toxicologists. They share some common areas of expertise, but there are significant differences in their training, responsibilities and career paths.
MD toxicologists are physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of poisoning and other adverse health effects of chemicals, drugs and other toxic agents. They are board certified in medical toxicology, which requires completion of a residency in emergency medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics, followed by a fellowship in medical toxicology. MD toxicologists work in hospital emergency departments, poison control centers and other clinical settings, and are responsible for managing patients who have been exposed to toxic substances. They use blood and urine tests and physical examination to determine the nature and extent of the exposure and develop treatment plans to manage the symptoms and minimize the damage. MD toxicologists also provide advice to other healthcare professionals and the public on the safe use of chemicals and drugs, and may participate in research on the mechanisms of toxic effects and the development of new treatments.
PhD toxicologists are scientists who study the mechanisms of toxic effects at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. They typically have a PhD in toxicology, pharmacology, or a related field, and may work in academia, government, or industry. PhD toxicologists conduct research on the toxic effects of chemicals and drugs, develop methods for detecting and measuring toxicants in the environment and in biological samples, and evaluate the safety and efficacy of new drugs and chemicals. They have particular expertise on the impact of toxic substances in the environment on human health. Hence, they may also work on developing new strategies for reducing exposure to toxic substances and minimizing the risk of adverse health effects.
Despite these differences in training, responsibilities and career paths, there is significant overlap between the two professions. MD and PhD toxicologists may collaborate on research projects and may work together to develop strategies for reducing exposure to toxic substances and minimizing the risk of adverse health effects. In addition, both may provide expertise to regulatory agencies and policymakers on the risks and benefits of chemicals and drugs. In short, both are important contributors to the field of toxicology, and they share the goal of protecting human health from the harmful effects of toxic agents.
Vident Partners has well qualified MD and PhD toxicologists. Please contact us if you have a need for either.